Ronald L. Hodgeman, Esq., a tax director for WTP Exchange LLC, has provided tax consulting and LKE Program implementation services to numerous companies, including banks, rental car companies, leasing companies and heavy equipment dealers. Hodgeman maintains that due to the recently signed tax relief law allowing for 100-percent bonus depreciation in 2011, like-kind exchange programs will have no benefit.

Now that 2011 is here, are you still looking for a New Year's resolution? How about this one - "I will not pay for something that I will not use in 2011"? Remember the gym membership that you haven't used since 2008? Cancel it. Are you paying $20 per month for Netflix but haven't watched a movie in eight months? It's time to unsubscribe. Is your company running a Like-Kind Exchange (LKE) program? Turn it off.

Yes, you read that correctly. If you are one of the hundreds of companies that have implemented an LKE program over the last 15 years, it might be time to turn off the program. Why? Because most companies will temporarily receive no benefit from an LKE program but there is still a significant cost to keeping one turned on. On December 17, 2010, President Obama signed into law HR 4853, the Tax Relief, Unemployment Insurance Reauthorization, and Job Creation Act of 2010 (the "Act"). One of the provisions included in the Act allows for 100 percent bonus depreciation in 2011.(1)  In other words, for this current year, the Act lets taxpayers write off capital expenses right now, without having to adhere to the regular depreciation schedule. Temporarily, at least, this means that there is no benefit from your LKE program.

The following example illustrates why the 100 percent bonus depreciation eliminates the need for an LKE program:

§  Company ABC sells a fleet of vehicles in April 2011 for $6,000,000;

§  The vehicles are fully depreciated for tax purposes; and

§  Company ABC purchases new vehicles in July 2011 for $6,000,000.

2011 Tax Consequences - LKE Program

"Turned On"

"Turned Off"

Gained Recognized Upon Sale


$6 million

Less: Tax Depreciation


$6 million

Total Tax Gain



As you can see, the tax consequences are the same regardless of whether the sale and purchase transactions are part of an LKE program. The difference between the two scenarios is the cost of participating in an LKE program. The fees paid to the LKE software provider and Qualified Intermediary (QI) are often in the hundreds of thousands of dollars, and sometimes more. Do you really want to pay your LKE software provider all that money to simply calculate depreciation? And if I'm the CFO or treasurer, I'd much rather have the cash from the asset sales directed to my company's operating account rather than the QI account.

Don't get me wrong. During "normal" times, there is a tremendous benefit to be derived from an LKE program. An LKE program is powerful tax strategy that has allowed hundreds of companies to increase their cash flow by deferring the tax gain realized on the sales of their business assets. The majority of the rental car companies, equipment dealers, and leasing companies have implemented an LKE program. The strategy is even supported by a 2003 IRS Revenue Procedure that provides taxpayers with an array of safe harbors. 

But these are not normal times. The money that your company saves by temporarily turning off the LKE program can be used to prevent the next round of layoffs, hire a new employee, or make capital expenditures.

Turning off an LKE program this year means taxpayers can also re-evaluate their current LKE providers and shop around for a better one, without having to worry that making a change midstream will result in a loss of tax deferral. Additionally, many companies are concerned about the security of their exchange funds and feel that there must be a better QI solution. Some may want better service from their LKE software provider or simply need better LKE software. Whatever the reason, now is a chance for organizations to review their LKE programs and do what is best for business.

If your company has not implemented an LKE program yet, now is the time to begin internal discussions around it. The 100 percent bonus depreciation can substantially reduce a company's taxable income in 2011. However, the bonus depreciation taken in 2011 will result in less depreciation deductions and more tax gain realized in future years - unless your company is ready to take advantage of an LKE program at that time. The message is simple ... turn off your LKE program now, but be ready to turn it on at the right time.

(1.) It is important to note that the 100% bonus depreciation provision is retroactive to September 9, 2010.